Deontology theory. Your preparation should focus on three classical ethical theories that are fundamental in any ethical analysis: utilitarianism, deontology, and virtue ethics. The theory was formulated by Immanuel Kant (1724-1804). Justice principles endeavor to ensure fairness in our actions, while least harm principles help in making choices that are geared at causing least harm to many. Therefore, we are usually blamed because of the actions that are within us, our will, but not our achievement. VAT Registration No: 842417633. New York: John Wiley & Sons ltd, Inc. Jim, N. (2009). Why should these employees be rewarded with a sum of money they do not deserve? For example, it is a parents’ duty to treat his or her child as more important than other people, but, other adults have no responsibility to treat that parent’s child more different than anyone else. To counter and regulate the excessive bonuses being awarded to employees, bonus taxes were introduced by governments. This would result in a more stable, pleasant and reliable company to be working for. In other words, no matter how good an decision might be, if it would not be the right thing to do, that action should not be made. In this case, this theory questions if multinational companies are in fact morally righteous towards their employees or morally wrong towards the public, as in deceiving the population or hiding the truth of what really happened or what has not occurred yet. But we dont know the detail behind the situation. Case Study #1: Ethics & HUD Housing Read the sections on Mill and Kant in the chapter on Ethics in our text and the attached piece from The Washington Post. Applying the Deontological Theory to the Case Study. Registered office: Venture House, Cross Street, Arnold, Nottingham, Nottinghamshire, NG5 7PJ. IvyPanda. Virtue theory is an ethics theory which deemphasizes rules, or consequences but it focus on the person that is involved in an act (Catherine, 2002, p. 8). Menu. I’m studying for my Philosophy class and need an explanation. For instance, if we found a killer in our society, we all will hate him and consider him wrong because he/she has killed somebody. August 20, 2019. https://ivypanda.com/essays/deontology/. Does justice require universal access to health care? Deontology vs Utilitarianism ETHC445 Professor Scafuri June 13, 2020 Deontology is an ethical theory that uses rules Reference this. The theory of deontology states we are morally obligated to act in accordance with a certain set of principles and rules regardless of outcome. Copyright © 2003 - 2020 - UKEssays is a trading name of All Answers Ltd, a company registered in England and Wales. August 20, 2019. https://ivypanda.com/essays/deontology/. Catherine, R. (2002). 1. Descriptions of ethical theories and principle. “Why did they receive bonuses when their institutions had billions of euros in losses? Heath care should be rolled out in order to be accessible by every person in need. An act, or policy in some cases, is evaluated in view of its consequences, that is, its telos or goal. The chief characteristic of deontological theories is: (moral) right (one's duty, how one should act) is defined independently of (moral) good. Many people were angry with the fact that employees and highly placed bankers collected bonuses despite the fact that many believed they did not do a good job at countering the financial crisis or financial uncertainty in their firm. For full functionality of this site it is necessary to enable JavaScript. Some people view health care as social good and like any other commodity that needs to be purchased. To export a reference to this article please select a referencing stye below: If you are the original writer of this essay and no longer wish to have your work published on UKEssays.com then please: Our academic writing and marking services can help you! professional specifically for you? Definition of Deontology Theory in Philosophy, Kant’s and Friedman’s Philosophy about Theory of Universality, The Concept of Despair in the “Sickness unto Death” by Soren Kierkegaard, Utilitarianism and Deontology: The Case of Coca Cola. The Historical Nerds. A growing body of psychological and neuroscientific research links dual-process theories of cognition with moral reasoning (and implicitly to legal reasoning as well). Any opinions, findings, conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of UKEssays.com. Thus, deontological theories and duties have existed for many centuri… There have been various disagreements pertaining to the accessibility of health care (Jim, 2009, para. Mason, E. (2009). Corporate Governance and Ethical Responsibility. These two theories try to expound on why situations and people behave the way they change. It is supposed to be their duty to act in the best interest for their company. I would recommend an consequentialist view on the decision of the introduction of the bonus system in (non-)commercial companies. August 20, 2019. https://ivypanda.com/essays/deontology/. In my nursing practice, this theory has been of great importance. On Psychology, Neuroscience, Ethics, and Law . A survey of current regulatory trends. The other theory that James can use as a guide is the Deontology theory. If we relate this dilemma to the actual theory of deontology, and especially the agent-centered theory behind this philosophy, it seems that the people responsible for causing financial instability in their company have no interest in their company whatsoever. It was an exceptional chance to exploit the financial markets, without knowing what kind of consequences could come from making such actions. You can view samples of our professional work here. The two fundamental theories are teleological and deontological theories. Unfortunately, your browser is too old to work on this site. The theory dictates that individuals need at all time exhibit behaviors or actions that can become a universal rule. The exact opposite of deontology would be consequentialism. Through the explanations given by different theories of ethics, an action or purpose of the action defines the consequences. In the end, it is not the system which is good or bad, most likely it are people/employees that can or cannot, on whichever level within an organization, handle these very important responsibilities. Your preparation should focus on three classical ethical theories that are fundamental in any ethical analysis: utilitarianism, deontology, and virtue ethics. In religious deontology, the principles derive from divine commandment so that under religious laws, we are morally obligated not to steal, lie, or cheat. IvyPanda. Registered Data Controller No: Z1821391. This many claims makes this theory a difficult one to understand at first. Deontological ethics, in philosophy, ethical theories that place special emphasis on the relationship between duty and the morality of human actions. The theory emphasizes on respect of persons and should be treated with the respect that they deserve. The Agent-Centered theory explains that the moral choices people make are decided by personal duty and acceptance (Alexander, Moore, 2007). Study articles it was an exceptional chance to exploit the financial markets, knowing. Individual can identify with their duties wrote all of the actions that can become a universal access to healthcare! Fundamental ethical principles, subsuming all others the nature of being obligated to doing one or. Note on Deontology Case Study Summary of the actions that are within us, our essay! 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