It follows that public participation in future oil spills ideally should have a purpose that benefits both the response and the public. As people pull together to place sand bags on dikes against floods, help neighbors with homes destroyed in hurricanes, individuals, families and communities bond for the good of the whole. The Agency for Toxic Substances and Diseases Registry (ATSDR) Regional Response Team (RRT) representative is a federal health resource seldom tapped by USCG FOSCs yet routinely supports EPA in Superfund in assessing health risk and assisting with community meetings. With regard to oil spills, social responsibility exceeds regulatory compliance; it is absent from explicit mention in preparedness and response doctrine perhaps because OPA 90 pre-dates the rise of social responsibility. “Despite the different locations, many of the social impacts are similar if not the same,” Ritchie said. Sea plants are very important for the survival of marine animals. An oil spill can have a number of direct and indirect effects on fisheries. Public health risk perceptions could be actively managed during all oil spills, by asking the State OSC to request a health consultation from state and federal resources, like ATSDR. Every form of pollution including oil spill has its effect on people and environment. Social responsibility is increasingly being used as a measure of the overall performance of businesses and organizations. A key component of building community resilience is to raise community adaptive capacity, which requires the transfer of resources and knowledge from the response organization to the community (Cheong, 2012). At the core of the framework, summarized diagrammatically in Figure 1, is a linked sequence of outcomes or consequences that lead from the oil spill to its impacts on society: the occurrence of a spill event, characteristics of the particular oil spill, consequences to ecosystems in the short- and long-terms, and impacts to society in terms of economic, human health, and social consequences. Social responsibility is a form of self-regulation which is being integrated into businesses, government and other organizations to operate in a socially responsible way (ISO 26000). Anyone can file a lawsuit and the RP is most likely to be the focus of plaintiff lawsuits. The overarching rationale of the oil spill institutional framework in the US and elsewhere is protecting US waters from pollution, that is, environmental protection. Some specialists have full-time assignments for oil spill preparedness and response, such as oil spill removal organizations (OSROs) and Special Teams under the NCP (section 300.145), e.g., Scientific Support Coordinators (SSCs), but their full time oil spill roles are the exception, not the rule. Scenarios that have hurricanes as the cause of oil spills could foster learning about local communities and ways to integrate emergency response under the NRS and Stafford Act, and improve preparedness under both systems. Building community resilience can help alleviate psychosocial impacts following natural and technological disasters (Picou, 2009). Long-term effects of oil spills in Bodo, Nigeria Environmental devastation, ruined economy and deteriorating health afflict Bodo community years after Shell oil spill. Retrieved from: National Pollution Funds Center and the Oil Spill Liability Trust Fund Presentation for Federal On-Scene Coordinator Crisis Management Course, USCG Marine Safety Schools. Social responsibility calls for transparency. In the past, there has been no designated function or responsibility for public health, welfare, or human dimensions within the ICS-based incident management organization, perhaps due to the operational emphasis on oil removal and environmental protection. It is an ethical or ideological theory that an entity (government, corporation, organization or individual) has a responsibility to society. Further, OPA 90 established limits of liability and compensation from oil pollution in two categories: removal costs and damages (Foley, 2010). We appreciate your interest and welcome your feedback to our posts. August 25, 2010. 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