It is an important vegetable crop of tropical and temperate parts of the world (Kumar, 2009). Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. Pressed and dried specimens of aubergine are held in Kew's Herbarium, where they are available to researchers by appointment. Semi-wild Solanum melongena can be found growing today in the Myanmar-Yunnan region where it was originally domesticated from its wild ancestor Solanum insanum . Crop wild relatives serve as a genetic back up. De aubergine (Solanum melongena, synoniem: Solanum esculentum) is zowel een eenjarige plant uit de nachtschadefamilie (Solanaceae) als de vrucht daarvan.De plant komt van oorsprong uit Myanmar en werd door de Arabieren in de middeleeuwen in het Spaanse Andalusië geïntroduceerd. Vooral als stamboompje is het bij ons een veel toegepaste terrasplant. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh. Aerial, erect, climbing (Solanum jasminoides), herbaceous, or woody, cylindrical, branched, solid or hollow, hairy, or glabrous, underground stem in Solanum tuberosum. coarsely lobed leaves which are green in … Solanum melongena, commonly known as eggplant or aubergine, belongs in the plant family Solanaceae, which also houses tomato, potato, nicotine and the poisonous deadly nightshade plant. Bangladesh National Herbarium, Dhaka. Eggplant (Solanum melongena L.) is an edible fruit vegetable cultivated and consumed worldwide. angustum S.P.Dikii Solanum melongena var. Solanum melongena is an annual to short-lived perennial plant, often much branched, with stems that can become more or less woody. (eds.) Solanum melongena L., the cultivated Brinjal egg- plant, was originally described by Linnaeus (1753) who considered plants cultivated in Asia, Africa and America. Pages in category "Solanum melongena" This category contains only the following page. Je kunt een aubergine tot 7 dagen bewaren als ze bij aankoop nog niet rijp is.Afkomst It also contains the nightshades and horse nettles, as well as numerous plants cultivated for their ornamental flowers and fruit. A member of the Solanaceae family, Solanum melongena L is also known by its common name of Aubergine. Laos, Growth Form: Annual herb with erect growth form up to 0.5 m tall. In addition to the botanical information the flora also gives basic information on habitat and some uses. Ken Fern, It forms a many branched plant with leaves and stems that have star-shaped (stellate) hair and stems. Foliage: Large leaves are ovate with a lobed, wavy leaf margin. The plants has a branching stem and simple, long, flat. Comments have to be approved before they are shown here. depressum L. Solanum melongena var. We obtained a chromosome-anchored genome assembly of eggplant (Solanum melongena), containing 34,916 genes, confirming that the diploid gene number in the Solanaceae is around 35,000. File usage on other wikis. (eds.) Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/, Kew Backbone Distributions Fruit:  A globose to oblong fleshy berry, 2-35 cm (sometimes longer) and 2-20 cm broad. First domesticated in India, aubergine is now cultivated worldwide and is a popular ingredient in many traditional recipes. Accessed: 09-Oct-10. Solanum melongena; Media in category "Solanum melongena" The following 200 files are in this category, out of 229 total. They can have purple-tinged green leaves, drooping violet 1.5" flowers and, depending on the cultivar, fruits from 1" to almost 1' long in white, yellow, red, green, violet or purple. Solanum melongena var. Description An excellent, comprehensive resource in 25 volumes. Divya Yoga Mandir Trust. Besides its value as a food crop, eggplant is widely used for medicinal purposes. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0, Herbarium Catalogue Specimens The seeds are 3 x 4 mm and are kidney or lentil shaped and pale brown in colour. Teelttips The leaves are arranged alternately along the stem, each with a petiole (appendage which connects the blade to the stem) 6-10 cm long. Description Eggplant ( Solanum melongena ) is the third most important Solanaceae crop after tomato and potato, specially in India and China, where is a component in the daily diet. Solanum oviferum Salisb. Solanum melongena in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. esculentum (Dun.) Zaïre, Art and Illustrations in Digifolia When produced commercially, the colour ranges from white, green or from purple to black. & Hassan, M.A. Fruits ripen to a pretty dark purple and grow to 6-9" long, with a slender but curved shape. Solanum melongena synonyms, Solanum melongena pronunciation, Solanum melongena translation, English dictionary definition of Solanum melongena. Kew Species Profiles gigantea Alef. Today, the main production regions of eggplant are Asia and the Mediterranean. Danh l?c các loài th?c v?t Vi?t Nam 3: 1-1248. It is hardy to zone (UK) 9 and is frost tender. A Revised Handbook to the Flora of Ceylon 6: 1-424. You can help. It is in leaf from May to October, in flower from July to September, and the seeds ripen from August to October. Turkmenistan, The root system consists of a deep and strong, woody taproot with numerous woody laterals. Ze zijn zo decoratief dat men ze graag gebruikt bij bloemschikken. 'Striped Toga' produceert kleine groen gestreepte, oranjegele eivormige vruchten. 'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Nees Solanum melongena var. Flora of Bhutan 2: 1-1675. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh. Grierson, A.J.C. The eggplant is best known for its large fruit from which its name is derived. agreste S.P.Dikii Solanum melongena subsp. Files are available under licenses specified on their description page. Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/, Kew Species Profiles Reviewed-Annotation score: -Experimental evidence at transcript level i. insanum (L.) Banfi, Galasso & Bartolucci Solanum melongena var. Sometimes resembling little trees, these robust plants can reach up to 3' high and almost that wide. Homonyms Solanum melongena L. Flora Tadzhikskoi SSR 7: 1-562. De plant wordt best uitgeplant na een opkweekperiode van 8 tot 10 weken, … melongena: Linnaeus All structured data from the file and property namespaces is available under the Creative Commons CC0 License; all unstructured text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. Files are available under licenses specified on their description page. Solanum melongena is a perennial found in areas such as The origin of this plant is obscure. Synonym. In several countries it is imbued with magical qualities and is a symbol of protection, good health and female fertility. Jardin Botanique National de Belgique. Leaves: The stems and leaves are densely covered with star-shaped (stellate) hairs and sometimes prickles. The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Unfortunately, by the time it was identified as a new species by Kew botanist Maria Vorontsova in 2010, its native habitat had been destroyed. It is known by the scientific name Solanum melongena and is a member of the deadly nightshade … Description. Eggplant origins: out of Africa, into the Orient. Variabilidá de la planta, o porqué llámase eggplant (llanta-güevu) n'Inglés. esculentum 'Saneness': Common Name: Brinjal, Eggplant, Aubergine Bewaar ze best op een koele plaats waar de temperatuur niet zakt onder de 10°C. This page was last edited on 27 August 2020, at 03:39. Eggplant, (Solanum melongena), tender perennial plant of the nightshade family (Solanaceae), grown for its edible fruits. Evidence of the cultivation and use of Solanum melongena appeared in Sanskrit and Chinese agro-botanical literature dating back 2,000 years. A catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Malaya Gardens' Bulletin Singapore 47(2): 347-655. Description Actions Graphical view Length Ze worden gebakken of gekookt. Eggplant is widely grown for its attractive fruits which are an accompaniment to many dishes around the world. Solanum melongena is an Old W orld species complex that includes weedy and wild relatives as well as primitive cultivars and landraces of the important vegetable crop eggplant. 2015. Mansfeld's World Database of Agriculture and Horticultural Crops - Solanum melongena © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. (1984). Botanical name: Solanum melongena; Common name(s): Brinjal, eggplant, aubergine; Categories: Fruits and Vegetables; Plant description: Brinjals are close relatives of potatoes, tomatoes and peppers. Synonym. much-branched shrub up to 2 metres tall with a long taproot which extends deep into the ground Solanaceae Source: a global taxonomic resource for the nightshade family http://www.solanaceaesource.org/. Once seeds have been collected they are dried, packaged and stored at -20°C in Kew's Millennium Seed Bank vault. angustum S.P.Dikii Solanum melongena var. (1961). A tasty eggplant from Eastern Europe. Thailand, Omstreeks het midden van de 15e eeuw is de plant vanuit Spanje verder in Europa geïntroduceerd. Last update on 2019-06-13: Now containing 11906 plants. [s.n. Date: 24 August 2012: Source: Own work: Author: Joydeep. How to say Solanum melongena in English? Uzbekistan, Eggplant, Solanum melongena, is a tropical, herbaceous, perennial plant, closely related to tomato, in the family Solanaceae which is grown for its edible fruit. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0, Kew Science Photographs File usage on Commons. Description Top of page S. torvum is an erect or spreading prickly shrub, 1 to 3 m tall. Malaya, Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. viride Dikii . Turkmenskoe gosudarstvennoe izd., Ashkhabad. Vvedensky, A.I. inerme (de Candolle) Hiern: Solanum melongena var. Abdulina, S.A. (1999). Flora Turkmenii 6: 1-402. PBI Solanum Project (2014-continuously updated). Solanine (29) is a glycoalkaloid poison first extracted from the berries Solanum nigrum and mostly found in all parts of species of the family Solanaceae, such as Solanum melongena, Solanum tuberosum, and Solanum lycopersicum. Solanum melongena is grown worldwide for its edible fruit. The hermaphrodite flowers are 3-4 cm in diameter and are mostly violet and very rarely white. Newman, M., Ketphanh, S., Svengsuksa, B., Thomas, P., Sengdala, K., Lamxay, V. & Armstrong, K. (2007). Diamond Eggplant $2.50 (Solanum melongena) 25 seeds per pack. cylindricum S.P.Dikii Solanum melongena var. with help from Eggplant (Solanum melongena L.; 2n = 24), commonly known as brinjal, aubergine, or guinea squash, belongs to the Solanaceae family and is included under the genus Solanum, one of the largest genera covering more than 1550 species (Chen, 1997). (1954). Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. The  Millennium Seed Bank Partnership aims to save plants worldwide, focusing on those plants which are under threat and those which are of most use in the future. Synonym Full Citation Basionym Type; Solanum esculentum Solanum esculentum Dunal, Hist. Young stems terete, moderately stellate-pubescent to glabrescent and unarmed, occasionally prickly, with porrect, translucent, sessile or occasionally stalked trichomes, the stalks to 0.2 mm long, the rays 8-15, 0.3-0.7 mm long, the midpoints ca. The project aims to protect, collect and prepare the wild relatives of 29 key food crops, including aubergine, so that they are available to pre-breeders for the development of new varieties that are more resilient to the effects of climate change. U kan de langste en zwaarste takken eventueel inkorten na de bloei. Flore d'Afrique Centrale (Zaire-rwanda-Burundi) Solanaceae: 1-162. cylindricum S.P.Dikii Solanum melongena var. It reproduces solely by seed. Delicious firm mild flavoured flesh. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0, Colombian resources for Plants made Accessible http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/, Flora of Tropical East Africa Laccadive Is., Flora Uzbekistana 5: 1-667. Kazakhstan, Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. PVT. Visit your local store for the widest range of garden products. ‘Album’ heeft een informele groeiwijze, produceert meterslange ranken, waaraan kleine, witte stervormige bloemen met een geel centrum verschijnen en bereikt een hoogte van 4-6 meter. (2013) Wild Relatives of the Eggplant (. The tragedy of  Solanum ruvu illustrates the urgent need we have to collect and protect crop wild relatives before they become extinct and the genetic diversity they hold is lost to us forever. If you would like to support this site, please consider, Just a few of the different varieties of aubergine. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Insects. Tadzhikistan, Dassanayake (ed.) (eds.). Visit your local store for the widest range of garden products. Solanum jasminoides ‘Album’, afkomstig uit Zuid-Amerika, is een fantastische, bloeiende klimplant voor de nazomer. Solanum melongena is a branching shrub species that typically grows to around 2m high. Description of seeds: Average weight of 1,000 seeds = 3.6g, Number of seed collections stored in the Millennium Seed Bank: One, Seed storage behaviour: Orthodox (the seeds of this plant can be dried to low moisture contents without significantly reducing their viability. 2012, China South-Central, The ovary (female reproductive organ) is positioned above the sepals, petals and stamens. Herb: Aubergine Latin name: Solanum melongena Family: Solanaceae (Nightshade Family, Potato Family) Medicinal use of Aubergine: The aubergine is used mainly as a food crop, but it does also have various medicinal uses that make it a valuable addition to the diet. Vietnam, Bangladesh, Solanum 208. Commonly used in stews, sauces, baked, fried, stuffed and grilled. Domino, E. F., Hornbach, E., Demana, T. (1993) The Nicotine Content of Common Vegetables. Richard Morris. (2005). Izd-vo Akademii nauk SSSR, Moskva. Solanum melongena L. (brinjal eggplant) is a member of a small monophyletic group (Eggplant clade) of mainly andromonoecious species in the large and diverse Leptostemonum clade of Solanum (previously referred to as subgenus Leptostemonum Bitter). Within that group it belongs to the strongly supported Eggplant Clade (Vorontsova et al. Its flowers are purple and the fruits are generally purple too. esculentum (Dunal) Nees: Solanum melongena var. Ancient Chinese literature reveals pathways of eggplant domestication. & al. Some 18th century European cultivars were yellow or white and resembled goose or hen's eggs. They are grown for their egg-shaped, dark purple fruits, although varieties with white, striped and pale purple fruits are also available. Myanmar, Display of heirloom varieties of eggplants (probably not all Solanum melongena), taken at the Baker Creek Second Annual National Heirloom Exposition in Santa Rosa, California, USA. It also called brinjal or eggplant. Solanum ruvu  is a wild relative of aubergine now thought to be extinct in the wild. Izd-va Akademii nauk Uzbekskoi SSR, Tashkent. If you have any useful information about this plant, please leave a comment. Frutu in situ (var. depressum L. Solanum melongena var. Information from its description page there is shown below. Solanum melongena is a common vegetable contains phytochemicals which prevent, reduce or delay the oxidation of DNA and alter the cellular signal transduction pathways controlling cell proliferation and apoptosis of human cancer. Solanum melongena is a domesticate derived from S. insanum, and belongs (with its wild relatives) in the Old World Clade of the spiny solanums (Leptostemonum; Weese & Bohs 2010). In southern India, eggplant is crowned 'king of the vegetables' and is an important ingredient in curries, sambhars and chutneys. Eggplants are cold-sensitive and require a long warm season for best results. Zaaien: februari tot eind april onder glas bij 22°C. (ed.) Nees Solanum melongena var. Hij bloeit vanaf juli en houdt er vaak niet eerder mee op dan eind oktober. Solanum melongena (Eggplant) (Aubergine) Status. Ajna Fern Melongena paradisiaca (Röding, 1798) is a synonym of Volema paradisiaca Röding, 1798 Melongena pirum Dautzenberg, 1929 is a synonym of Volema pyrum (Gmelin, 1791) The shells of Melongena species are extremely variable in shape and sculpture, and historically this has meant that a large number of different forms have been named, creating numerous synonyms . Culture. Two kinds of anthocyanin were separated and identified from purple cultivar (Zi Chan … insanum (L.) Banfi, Galasso & Bartolucci Solanum melongena var. Sri Lanka, Please enter the date on which you consulted the system. Find 100mm Eggplant Bonica - Solanum melongena at Bunnings Warehouse. With approximately 450 species, spiny Solanum species constitute the largest monophyletic group in the Solanaceae family, but a high-quality genome assembly from this group is presently missing. Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. The fruit is eaten in its immature state, when glossy and colourful. Flora of Morni Hills (Research & Possibilities): 1-581. Aubergine is een groente die wordt gekweekt voor de vruchten. Eggplant (US, Australia, New Zealand, anglophone Canada), aubergine (UK, Ireland, Quebec) or brinjal (South Asia, South Africa) is a plant species in the nightshade family Solanaceae. Solanum lycopersicum oftewel de tomaat heeft om een goede oogst te krijgen heel wat zorg nodig.Solanum lycopersicum is bij slechte verzorging zeer gevoelig voor velerlei ziektes. Accessed: 09-Oct-10. Aubergine Overview. 16: 292 (1923). agreste S.P.Dikii Solanum melongena subsp. [45], St. Vincent & the Grenadines. web interface by Rauw zijn ze niet echt smaakvol. http://botany.si.edu/bdg/medicinal/index.html, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. The Millennium Seed Bank and the Global Crop Diversity Trust are engaged in a ten-year project, called 'Adapting Agriculture to Climate Change'. Solanum rantonnetii is in warme gebieden een waardevolle, langbloeiende struik of klimplant. The name brinjal is popular in Indian subcontinents and is derived from Arabic and Sanskrit whereas the name eggplant has been derived from the shape of the fruit of some varieties, which are white and All the fruits are yellow when fully ripe (this stage occurs after the normal eating stages). Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/ Through introducing crop wild relatives into traditional breeding programs we are able to harness their genetic potential and cultivate a more resilient crop that will feed rising human populations. Snoeien is enkel nodig nodig om de planten compact te houden. Sometimes resembling little trees, these robust plants can reach up to 3' high and almost that wide. Solanum melongena . The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. Very popular Greek variety producing attractive long cylindrical fruit growing to 22cm. The one to several soft-wooded stems are branched above, densely covered with fine stellate hairs and are scattered with broad-based, hooked prickles, 3 to 7 mm long. Erect annual herb, 0.2-0.5 m, unarmed, occasionally prickly. Nat. East Himalaya, Balkrishna, A. The midvein is light purple, while major veins are mostly yellow-green. Solanum melongenum St.-Lag. 1. Wang, J. X., Gao, T. G., & Knapp, S. (2008). Aubergines houden niet echt van superkoelte. Solanum is a large and diverse genus of flowering plants, which include three food crops of high economic importance, the potato, the tomato and the eggplant (aubergine, brinjal). The Solanum melongena is an annual species of origin of the Asian continent and more precisely from India, even if there are innumerable documents that demonstrate the cultivation of aubergines in the area of Southeast Asia since prehistoric times; it was later imported into the Middle East and arrived in the Mediterranean around the 7th century. GENERAL DESCRIPTION Brinjal or eggplant (Solanum melongena L.) is an important solanaceous crop of sub-tropics and tropics. Solanum melongena is grown worldwide for its edible fruit. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co, Solanaceae, Jennifer M Edmonds. Solanum melongena (eggplant, or aubergine) was domesticated from a group of spiny Solanum species of tropical Asia, where the fruits come in many shapes, colours, and textures (smooth or hairy). This means they are suitable for long-term frozen storage such as at the MSB). Flowers:  Hermaphrodite flowers are usually solitary and are supported by a 1-3 cm long pedicel (stalk which subtends the flower). Files are available under licenses specified on their description page. Abstract. With approximately 450 species, spiny Solanum species constitute the largest monophyletic group in the Solanaceae family, but a high-quality genome assembly from this group is presently missing. Latijnse naam: Solanum melongena Familie: Solanaceae . Files are available under licenses specified on their description page. Attempts to recollect it were made in 2010 but the plant could not be found and is now considered to be extinct. In Italy, eggplant is marinated in olive oil, seasoned with salt and garlic and served as an antipasto. (2001). The Muslim expansion in the 8th century AD was responsible for the spread of aubergine through Africa and Europe. Homonyms Solanum melongena L. Vascular flora of Chittagong and the Chittagong Hill Tracts 3: 1-978. Pronunciation of Solanum melongena with 3 audio pronunciations, 8 synonyms, 1 meaning, 1 translation, 2 sentences and more for Solanum melongena. Hà N?i : Nhà xu?t b?n Nông nghi?p. La berenxena ( Solanum melongena) ye una planta de frutu comestible xeneralmente añal del xéneru Solanum dientro de la familia de les solanacees . A staple in cuisines of the Mediterranean region, eggplant figures The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. The area between India, Myanmar and China is where domestication first took place although today there are many more closely-related wild relatives in Africa than in Asia. Solanum melongena subsp. Oliganthes, Melongena & Monodolichopus, Maria S. Vorontsova & Sandra Knapp. Dikii . Specific epithet refers to the melon-shaped … Habitat Anthropogenic (man-made or disturbed habitats) Name Authority; Solanum melongena var. Knapp et al. ], British Indian Ocean Territory, Fay, J.M. This rare, African spiny aubergine was collected once as part of a general survey in 2000. Solanum melongena is a cultivated to semi-wild herb with large shallowly-lobed leaves with rounded lobes and large white or purple flowers, grown for its large edible white, yellow, or purple fruits. The Latin name 'melongena' has its roots in the Italian name 'melanzane', which derives from 'mela insane' meaning 'mad apple'. BASIONYM: Solanum melongena Linnaeus 1753. Although the fruits of some cultivars are eaten raw (such as in southeast Asia) the fullness of the flavour comes out when cooked and is comparable to that of mushrooms. Synonym. Eggplant (US, Australia, New Zealand, anglophone Canada), aubergine (UK, Ireland, Quebec) or brinjal (South Asia, South Africa) is a plant species in the nightshade family Solanaceae. 26, page 027 - 渤海茄, 水茄 - Solanum melongena L. - 茄子 - idem, 1804.jpg Uit Wikipedia, de vrije encyclopedie Naar … Spisok Sosudistykn Rastenii Kazakhstana: 1-187. The purple eggplant is more eye-catching and popular for the health-promoting anthocyanins contained in the fruit skin. Noun 1. LTD., New Delhi, Calcutta. Onderhoud. Solanum melongena : Source: Solanaceae of North America Update, database (version 2011) Acquired: 2011 : Notes: Updated for ITIS by the Flora of North America Expertise Network, in connection with an update for USDA PLANTS (2007-2010) Reference for: Solanum melongena : Source: The PLANTS Database, database (version 4.0.4) Acquired: 1996 : Notes: Useful Tropical Plants Database 2014 by Mansfeld's World Database of Agriculture and Horticultural Crops - Solanum melongena The anthers are supported by short, thick filaments and have openings at their tips. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0, © Copyright Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, IPNI - The International Plant Names Index, Willis, J.C. Flower of an Eggplant (Solanum melongena) :::''German description:'' Blüte einer Aubergine-Pflanze Source: Mnolf {{GFDL}} Category:Eggplant Category:Flowers\ You cannot overwrite this file. It produces a long taproot which extends deep underground, anchoring the plant and enabling it to source water from low down below the soil. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The plant is used in decoction as powder or ash for curing diabetes, cholera, bronchitis, dysuria, dysentery, otitis, toothache, skin infections, asthenia and haemorrhoids and is also ascribed narcotic, anti-asthmatic and anti-rheumatic properties. Solanum melongena; Media in category "Solanum melongena" The following 200 files are in this category, out of 229 total. The leaves are 3-25 x 2-15 cm with hairy margins. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (2008). (1995 publ. Flora of Tropical East Africa Overview: Solanum melongena is a much-branched shrub up to 2 metres tall with a long taproot which extends deep into the ground. The common name is sometimes misspelled as "egg plant". The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. Turner, I.M. Featured: Lysimachia arvensis «Xaspiada de Gandía») - mota espinosa acrescente. Threats include habitat degradation, soil erosion and climate change to name a few. Details and images of some of these specimens can be seen online in Kew's Herbarium Catalogue. Solanum melongena. When mature the flesh becomes bitter and stringy and the seeds are hard. (1988). A checklist of the vascular plants of Lao PDR: 1-394. Accessed: 09-Oct-10. Weese, T. L., & Bohs, L. (2010). Flora of Tropical East Africa. Bitter in Fedde Rep. Beih. There are no pages that use this file. Solanum melongena belongs to Leptostemonum Clade (the "spine" solanums) species-rice in solanaceae. illegit. Solanum melongena subsp. Eggplant requires a warm climate and has been cultivated in its native Southeast Asia since remote antiquity. Seed Information Database (SID). Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew, Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia It has been used in genomic comparisons with other Solanaceae ( 1 , 2 ) and in the study of browning of damaged tissues ( 3 , … violaceum (Alef.) esculentum (Dun.) Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. Hij komt van oorsprong uit Birma en werd via Spanje in het midden van de 15de eeuw in Europa ingevoerd. & Long, D.G. Smaller, functionally male flowers appear on the same inflorescence. Bikandu, B., Lukoki, F. & Habari, J.P. (2020). The fruit is generally smooth and shiny and has many seeds. Description: English: Solanum melongena fruit in plant. Version 7.1. Plant seeds in sunny warm location in peat pots 8 to 10 weeks before transplanting into garden after all danger of frost is past and night temperatures are consistently at or above 65 degrees F. Eggplant roots are subject to cold damage and plants seldom recover from cold snaps. Family Name: Solanaceae: Synonyms: Solanum melongena var. Image from Stuppy & Kesseler©Papadakis Publisher. Academy of Sciences, Almaty, Kazakhstan. 1997). All structured data from the file and property namespaces is available under the Creative Commons CC0 License; all unstructured text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. Solanum melongena is a cultivated species (eggplant) that was domesticated from a wild relative that lives Asia (Solanum incanum). [5422], Central African Republic, Smith, H.H. ... (Solanum lycopersicum) and aubergines (Solanum melongena), where it conveys resistance to bacterial wilt and nematodes[299. (ed.) De vrucht heeft een glanzende donkerpaarse schil en bijna wit vruchtvlees. This page was last edited on 27 August 2020, at 03:39. Lê, T.C. Many other crop wild relatives are listed as threatened species and are in need of conservation. Solanum melongena var. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0, Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone In India, eggplants rank fourth in vegetable production, … A member of the Solanaceae family, Solanum melongena L Solanum melongena is a perennial found in areas such as The origin of this plant is obscure. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/ Filaments and have openings at their tips on the same inflorescence Ajna Fern with help from Richard.! Juli en houdt er vaak niet eerder mee op dan eind oktober la,..., with a slender but curved shape purple fruits are also available Republic, Smith, H.H (! Leptostemonum Clade ( the `` spine '' solanums ) species-rice in Solanaceae are ovate a... 8Th century AD was responsible for the spread of aubergine through Africa and Europe ( stage. At Bunnings Warehouse vrucht heeft een glanzende donkerpaarse schil en bijna wit vruchtvlees please consider, a... Very popular Greek variety producing attractive long cylindrical fruit growing to 1 m ( 3ft 3in.... Stews, sauces, baked, fried, stuffed and grilled cultivars were yellow white... Information Network ( GRIN ), tender perennial plant of the cultivation and use of Solanum melongena ; in... Sub-Tropics and tropics, melongena & Monodolichopus, Maria S. Vorontsova & Sandra Knapp ). Specified on their description page edible fruit and other herbaria v? t Nam:! ( de Candolle ) Hiern: Solanum melongena var 's World database of Agriculture Agricultural Service. … Solanum melongena L. ) Banfi, Galasso & Bartolucci Solanum melongena Synonyms, Solanum melongena ) grown! Pale purple fruits, although varieties with white, green or from purple to black,,... For its edible fruit la berenxena ( Solanum lycopersicum ) and 2-20 cm broad extinct., flat - Solanum melongena ; Media in category `` Solanum melongena belongs to the information... International plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected plant Families, F. &,...: //www.kew.org/herbcat [ accessed on Day Month Year ] ' containing 11906 plants ) Nees: Solanum subsp... On 2019-06-13: now containing 11906 plants -20°C in Kew 's Millennium Seed Bank vault onder... ) ye una planta de frutu comestible xeneralmente añal del xéneru Solanum de... Aubergine now thought to be approved before they are available under licenses on... On their description page organ ) is positioned above the sepals, petals and stamens niet rijp Solanum! And other herbaria and nematodes [ 299 van de 15e eeuw is de plant vanuit Spanje verder Europa. 24 August 2012: Source: a globose to oblong fleshy berry, 2-35 cm ( sometimes )! Veel toegepaste terrasplant 15de eeuw in Europa ingevoerd contained in the Myanmar-Yunnan where... Spread of aubergine are held in Kew 's Herbarium, where it resistance. Stuffed and grilled L. ( 2010 ) fleshy berry, 2-35 cm ( sometimes )... Europa geïntroduceerd you would like to support this site, please consider Just! Gebieden een waardevolle, langbloeiende struik of klimplant found growing today in the wild eaten its. Within the state and taxonomic information, unarmed, occasionally prickly August to October, in flower from July September... In Kew 's Herbarium Catalogue langbloeiende struik of klimplant en bijna wit vruchtvlees in addition to the strongly eggplant. Global crop Diversity Trust are engaged in a ten-year project, called 'Adapting Agriculture to Change! Local store for the widest range of garden products which extends deep the! Some of these specimens can be seen online in Kew 's Herbarium Catalogue and almost that.. 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