It’s now known as the town of Battle. The Knights Templar was a large organization of devout Christians during the medieval era who carried out an important mission: to protect European travelers If you were a well-to-do lady in the Middle Ages, the thought of rocking your child to sleep may have been a bit too much like hard work. 3. In the 1670s piles of garbage were accumulating — a new law was enacted which required visiting peasants to take some garbage home with them! Siege Engines were the heavy artillery of the Middle Ages, and because of their amazing power these great mechanical contrivances hold tremendous fascination for us in this age of technological warfare. What were scientists/researchers called in medieval times? For full treatment, see Europe, history of: The Middle Ages. We think of 1066 as being the last time England was invaded, but there were a few more occassions. The term and its conventional meaning were introduced by Italian humanists with invidious intent. These ancient weapons are a tribute to man’s ingenuity and imagination, and they respectfully remind us of the conflict and brutality inherent in humankind. It is also called the medieval period (from the Latin for “middle” and “age”). Also, I'd like to know what scientists/researchers of the Victorian era were called? Despite the name, the Battle of Hastings happened about five miles away at a place called Seniac Hill. Glass was worked by a team of people and the direct workers were supported by more people who maintained the fires for melting the glass and slowly cooling (annealing) it. Furniture - Furniture - Middle Ages: With the collapse of the Roman Empire during the 4th–5th centuries, Europe sank into a period in which little furniture, except the most basic, was used: chairs, stools, benches, and primitive chests were the most common items. The following description of the Butts provides basic facts and information: Skill in using the Medieval longbow had to be acquired over many years The areas designated for archery training during the Medieval period of the Middle Ages were called the butts. The person directing the team and actually inflating the glass was usually given a name related to grandfather and thus in English was called the gaffer. It describes the job of a wench at Medieval Times, a “dinner theater” which still exists (Wikipedia, Official site). England was invaded a lot Henry Bolingbroke – one of many people to invade since 1066. So, even if it’s a misconception, the idea that medieval waitresses were called wenches at least exists in modern mass conscience. A brief treatment of the Middle Ages follows. Berlin’s first central waterworks and transmission system was constructed in the mid-1800s (designed by English engineers); within 70 years the need for a sewer system became apparent. 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