It can also be used for roof sheathing to go under your roofing system or as a sheathing on the walls. How Much Value Does a Loft Conversion Add? When used beneath tile, it can squeak when stepped on at best, and at worst, it may cause the grout 3 or tile itself to crack. OSB and plywood are formed from smaller pieces of wood and come in large sheets or panels. There is no question that plywood is better then OSB. While OSB and plywood appear similar and are generally interchangeable, the different ways that each material is manufactured contribute to … In this case, it may have knots or a rough surface. Here’s something interesting: Outside of North America, OSB is not commonly used in construction. Compared to CDX, oriented strand board (OSB) is made very differently. The panels are quick to absorb moisture and dry just as quickly. In this article, we highlight these four different types of wood and discuss the pros and cons of each one. OSB is … OSB is usually more consistent across the board, meaning what you see is what you get. Plywood absorbs water more quickly, but it also dries more quickly. You can purchase Oriented Strand Board with some great discounts at Roofing Megastore and we'd love to see some of your creations - you can message us any photos of your makes on Facebook. Which is the better option, plywood vs. OSB? While it is possible that OSB will follow suit, it will soon be possible to find plywood without formaldehyde everywhere, while finding OSB without this chemical may be more difficult. x 48 in. If you are thinking of using it in the garden, although it’s weather resistant, for permanent outdoor use you will probably want to add some further weather protection. Plywood and OSB are generally considered to have the same load strength. FIXR provides cost guides, comparisons, and term cheatsheets for hundreds of remodeling, installation and repair projects. It may be given a veneer 2 top of hardwood, while the inner layers are typically made of softwood. It is made of many strands or smaller pieces of wood pressed together, which gives it a rougher texture. Also, since the entire floor will be built with the same product, some care should be taken in deciding whether its worth it to risk potential moisture in bathrooms and kitchens that could cause OSB sub- flooring to buckle and rise at the joints. The best thing about this plywood is that it can be painted with natural color and can be … A viable alternative to plywood, this OSB Board is engineered to prevent any cupping, warping or splitting. Well, each has their own strengths and weaknesses when used as exposed decking or subflooring. We are asking a few questions so that we can get you better cost estimates. For hardwoods, plywood is desirable because it holds nails slightly better than OSB. We’ll cover all this and more in this product review. OSB does not usually have a top veneer 2. x 8ft. The design of the oriented strand boardallows using it the same way as plywood. However, OSB is generally considered less resistant to water (it swells in thickness when exposed to moisture) and some people prefer plywood for roofs and subfloors. While plywood is often 6 feet per sheet, OSB may be much larger, up to 12 feet per sheet. OSB is not used for finished surfaces because it cannot handle a paint or stain the way that hardwood plywood can. In terms of structural installation for roofing or siding, OSB and plywood are very similar in installation. Used with insulation, it’s best used for walls and flooring. However, pieces of furniture built using OSB do not require any staining or painting because the design of the board itself can stand alone. It is the most commonly used flooring because of its less cost. With a little creativity the sky is the limit with the endless options, headboards, noticeboards, drawers and wardrobes. Numerous choices are available for this purpose, but the two most commonly used products are oriented strand board (OSB) and plywood 1. They’re typically mixed with adhesive and wax, and hot-pressed to turn them into thin sheets. Oriented strand board was created in the late 1970s as inventors extended the use of waferboard. Larger-diameter trees like this take much longer to grow and must be harvested from old-growth forests, which makes plywood a less-green option. Using the right type plywood ensures a long-lasting floor. 7/16 in. When used beneath flooring as a substrate, plywood is generally considered the better material. It’s regularly used for flooring because of its strength and it’s ideal for a workshop or shed. Some panels have a textured surface, which makes them less slippery when used for roof sheathing. Both cost about the same to install, $70 an hour for a carpenter. This plywood is generally used beneath the finished material, such as tile or siding. Oriented strand board (OSB) is an engineered plywood substitute that many builders use for sheathing and roof decking. The material tends to be thicker and needs to be made to more exacting standards, which increases costs. One of the nice things about plywood is the variety of options you can buy. While it is a widely used acronym, specifically for ocean groups and religious organizations, for our purposes OSB stands for oriented strand board. Enjoy the videos and music you love, upload original content, and share it all with friends, family, and the world on YouTube. That usually means the underlayment and the subfloor also get wet. OSB comes in 4-by-8-foot sheets, as does plywood, but the manufacturing process allows the production of longer and wider ones. They work equally well for these uses, are just as easy to drill into and have equivalent ability to hold nails. Will no longer contain formaldehyde in 2019. Up until 2000, plywood held the majority of the market for wall, roof, and floor sheathing when it was surpassed by OSB, which as of 2018, held about 75% of the market share. In both instances, the material is sized, set into place against the joists, and nailed down securely. Cut your OSB into the different pieces that you need for your project, Sand your OSB pieces lightly and then paint or stain it using a weather-proof exterior paint that is either oil or latex based, or a stain for a natural finish, Once dry, paint on a wood waterproofing sealant on all sides and all cuts, Allow to dry for 12 – 14 hours on each side or as specified on the sealant, It’s available in larger sheets than plywood, It’s thicker and heavier which is considered by some as an advantage and some as a disadvantage, It’s considered more environmentally friendly than plywood as smaller, younger trees can be used to produce it making it more sustainable, It will need sealing at any cuts to make sure that it remains water resistant otherwise it can swell and absorb water at cuts, It can take longer to dry out than plywood. It has multiple uses, and the material is very flexible! T1-11 is mostly used for sidings. Therefore, it is generally installed beneath a finish material, such as siding. intervals so you know where underlying studs, rafters and joists are for nailing. Phone: 01295 565565 | Mon-Thu: 8am - 6pm | Fri: 8am - 4pm. It's less expensive than plywood and available virtually everywhere. OSB is heavier than plywood and, when properly waterproofed and maintained, will generally lie flatter. Up to 25% Off Today. To enhance the durability and consistency of plywood, the grain of each layer is oriented in a different direction. Not only does this ma… The other main reason for its popularity is, it was introduced long before OSB and advanced plywood sheathing. Talking about plywood or OSB for roofing, you cannot miss the information of the cost. Just make sure it is exterior grade ply so it will not delaminate if it gets wet. On The Job: Choosing OSB or Plywood. It is true as the price of every OSB board is around $15 – $20 per sheet (4×8 sizes). For the best experience on our site, be sure to turn on Javascript in your browser. Tile floors are especially heavy with layers of cement board, mortar, tile or stone and grout. Plywood long ago lost its market leadership to oriented strand board (OSB), which is now the most-used sheathing and subflooring material. The weather resistant sealant will also only have been applied to the surface of the OSB so as soon as you make a cut into it you will want to add more sealant to ensure that water is not absorbed through the exposed material. Mega Saving, Mega Service. Here’s some of the main pros and cons of OSB: You could easily create all your furniture using OSB! Fire Resistant OSB has an intumescent coating to reduce fire spread. Oriented strand board (OSB) and plywood are wood structural panels made by compressing and gluing pieces of wood together. Only standard plywood material can be used for subflooring. The material difference between plywood and OSB is that plywood is made up of lots of thin layers of wood whereas OSB is made up of lots of strands of wood crossed over each other giving it extra strength. Plywood is the better choice; its structure doesn’t unravel following constant exposure to water. Application Specific OSB is made bespoke to what its being used for. We outline the differences between them below so that you can make a more informed decision about which one will work for your project. Newer types of OSB, which have been treated to be waterproof, are likely to last just as long as plywood in similar situations. For the best experience on our site, be sure to turn on Javascript in your browser. OSB does not have the same track record because it has only been marketed for about 30 years. There’s a variety of DIY projects that OSB is fantastic for and you can use it for both interior and exterior use as it’s weather resistant (check for a stamp on the back of the board to make sure). Typically, both OSB and plywood can be used in concrete forms, but plywood is the best option for concrete forming applications. The wood comes from sustainable, small, quick growing trees such as aspen poplar and southern yellow pine and the result is incredibly strong. OSB is still being produced using formaldehyde, however, while plywood must be produced without this chemical according to new environmental laws by the year 2019. OSB has a greater shear strength than plywood panels; OSB is less expensive than plywood and, when its utilized for sub-flooring, wall and roof sheathing, the savings to builders are significant; Plywood panels. Plywood long ago lost its market leadership to oriented strand board (OSB), which is now the most-used sheathing and subflooring material. When it dries, it is more likely to return to its regular shape. That, however, is where the similarities end. OSB (oriented strand board) is made from large, flat chips arranged in as many as 50 layers, which are adhered together with glues and pressed into sheets. Use 5/8 inch C/C PTS grade for your overhangs and 5/8 inch CDX for the rest. It also warps or swells after water absorption and will not return to its original shape. OSB2 is great for structural, non-load bearing projects in dry conditions whereas OSB3 performs better for structural, load bearing use and for use in humid conditions. OSB is also more consistent than plywood. Although oriented strand board (OSB) has a commanding 75% market share in sheathing for new home construction compared to plywood’s 25%, it’s a much more competitive race in subflooring. For example, being cut to size with grooves made to fit C-studs. Plywood can have many different styles and appearances. But for a creative person or carpenter OSB can be used to create a multitude of different pieces of furniture or cabinetry as well. Because OSB is made of many smaller pieces of wood, it can be created using smaller-diameter trees, which grow more quickly and can be farmed. A few of the commonly-used forms are plywood, MDF (medium-density fiberboard), particleboard and OSB (oriented strand board). Simply select Klarna during checkout to apply! It is now more popular than plywood, commanding 66% of the structural panel market. Hardwood plywood is already available with soy-based glues and other materials that do not release urea-formaldehyde into the air. Plywood is made of many layers of very thin wood, called plys, pressed together with glue. OSB has its advantages. The top layer is usually a hardwood and may be any number of woods such as birch, beech, or maple. Most people know what plywood is and turn to it for renovation and DIY projects, but what about OSB board – what is this and what can you use it for? JavaScript seems to be disabled in your browser. Installation costs for both would be $490, assuming that the carpenter can install approximately 75 feet of material per hour. OSB panels often have lines at 16- and 24-in. When used beneath tile, it can squeak when stepped on at best, and at worst, it may cause the grout 3 or tile itself to crack. Both materials are considered structural when used comparably. The adhesive used to bind these layers together is typically made of resin, the specifics which vary from one plywood to another. And if you need any advice feel free to give us a call on 01295 565565, email us at sales@roofingmegastore.co.uk or talk to us on live chat at Roofing Megastore. It can withstand moisture for a brief period of time but may become warped and delaminated with consistent exposure to … OSB is made by combining glue, resin, and wood chips and pressing them into the shape of a plywood sheet then baking everything together. OSB is made of many smaller pieces of hardwood and softwood mixed together in strands. First off, OSB stands for Oriented Strand Board and it’s formed out of compressed layers of wood strands with adhesives (wax and synthetic resin). Plywood, however, needs to use large-diameter trees, which are then rotary cut to produce the layers needed. Whether you are building, remodeling, or just doing some repairs, many times you need a type of sheathing or underlayment for the project. OSB board offers the following benefits: OSB is a material with favourable mechanical properties that make it particularly suitable for load-bearing applications in construction. There’s a variety of DIY projects that OSB is fantastic for and you can use it for both interior and exterior use as it’s weather resistant (check for a stamp on the back of the board to make sure). Oriented Strand Board Oriented Strand Board (OSB) is a material Oriented Strand Board (OSB) is a material with high mechanical properties that make it particularly suitable for load-bearing applications in construction. The total cost for installing 500 square feet is roughly $650 for plywood and $590 for OSB. There’s also a growing number of artists that use OSB as a canvas because of it’s great texture, it gives a unique finish with the layers of wood showing through. The most common uses are as sheathing in walls, flooring, and roof decking. For that reason, plywood is usually the recommended substrate if a wood substrate is needed. The main purpose of OSB plywood s is roof decking. Plywood made this way is designed for building cabinets, shelves, and other items where the wood is visible. However, once it has absorbed water, it dries more slowly. Once you’ve applied the sealant you can test the offcut by putting some water on it and leaving it for a few hours to see the effect. Understanding the Structure. Plywood may also be made out of less-quality softwoods for its top layer. OSB flexes more than plywood. In 2005, the combined production of OSB in Europe and Latin America was just 3.5 billion square feet – less than seven times as much as was produced in North America that year. When used structurally, the materials are hidden, and often not disclosed at the time of sale, which means that they have no impact on costs. By using Fixr you agree to our Terms & Conditions and Privacy Policy. This means that the sheet of plywood takes on the appearance of the top wood. Terms & Conditions | Privacy Policy | Disclamer © 2020 Roofing Megastore Ltd, All Rights Reserved. Choose a roof type that fit to your project and access all materials that we have to help you. The proven track record of plywood often leads some people to believe that it is a more durable and longer-lasting product, but this is not necessarily true. OSB and plywood vary in terms of durability. Definitions in laymen's terms, cost considerations, pictures and things you need to know. This website use cookies to ensure you get the best user experience on our website. The natural finish looks perfect married with white and has been used to create desks, tables, sofas and cupboards. Because the pieces are smaller, the sheets of OSB can be much larger than sheets of plywood. Here's an example from the fantastic artist Coraline VB who has an Etsy shop at DessinsDeCoco. CDX plywood is a construction-grade type of plywood that is designed for exposure to the elements. OSB absorbs water more slowly than plywood, which can be beneficial in areas of low dampness. Both can be used in structural applications for roofs, walls and floors. For plywood, it is like $5 to $10 more expensive. Plywood’s edges also resist damage better than OSB, which can crack and fray upon impact and over time. A 4x8-foot sheet of construction-grade plywood costs roughly $10 a sheet, while the same size sheet of OSB costs only $6 a sheet. Plywood is made with an odd number of layers for optimal strength and performance. OSB is used in housing construction. These strands of wood are arranged in layers that are bonded together with resin, which helps produce a strong product.OSB, or oriented strand board, is unlike traditional plywood in that it has no laps, gaps, knots or voids. Get free advice and estimates from flooring contractors in your city. © 2020 Fixr, all rights reserved. Order your materials today and pay over a timeframe that suits you with our hassle-free finance options. Estimates put its market share as high as 75%, with much of that dominance thanks to cost-conscious production builders. Oriented Strand Board, or OSB, is made from thin wood strands. Installing either sheathing over a 500 square foot area would cost roughly $160 in material for plywood and $100 for OSB. Plywood is available in many plys and different levels of quality. However, as plywood has been around longer, it has shown that it can last 50 or more years in an installation. Both boards are made of wood with glues and resins, come in many sizes, and can be used for a variety of purposes. The only difference is that OSB is slightly more flexible than plywood, which has advantages and disadvantages depending on the setting and distance between the joists that is being covered. The floor must also handle the weight of the tub, shower, tiles and other fixtures. But each one is not necessarily right for every project. If you are going to add some more water protection, it’s worth adding some to an offcut of the OSB first to see the effect it has before carrying it out on your whole board. When used beneath flooring as a substrate, plywood is generally considered the better material. OSB has been around since 1963 and unlike similar products, the strips of wood in each layer are placed strategically rather than randomly to give it strength and it can have up to 50 layers of wood in total! Is it better than plywood or should it be used for different projects entirely? OSB is so strong in fact that it is now used for about 70% of all floor, wall and roof sheathing in North America and there are two different types of OSB, OSB2 and OSB3. The wood used in plywood layers can also vary depending on the desired characteristics of the final product. Used for sub floors, exterior walls, and roof decking, OSB sheathing is a structurally-engineered board that is made up of compressed wood strands. In our area, 1/2-in. OSB flexes more than plywood. Therefore, it can also be used to build pieces of furniture such as tables, shelves, and cabinets. Of the two products, OSB is considered the greener option. Oriented Strand Board Exterior Wall Sheathing (OSB) Oriented strand board, or OSB, is a popular and … It’s regularly used for flooring because of its strength and it’s ideal for a workshop or shed. There is often a debate on which is better- plywood or oriented strand board (OSB). The bathroom floor gets wet. Plywood is the more expensive option to build with than OSB. Plywood usually produces pieces of furniture that are dull-looking unless coated with stain or paint. Where to Place Stairs in a Loft Conversion. There are a few pros and cons for both plywood and OSB but often it falls to personal preference and opinion as to which is best. Estimates put its market share as high as 75%, with much of that dominance thanks to cost-conscious production builders. OSB sheathing costs a few dollars less per sheet than 1/2-in. SubflooringWhen used as a subfloor, either product will work for many flooring surfaces, especially carpet where there will be no noticeable difference. Most construction sites will consider the use of either OSB or plywood for the roof. Neither material has any real impact on the resale value of a home. It is manufactured with a water-proof glue and provides safety against excessive moisture. Plywood is the more traditional and familiar of the two, having been in use for the better part of a century. Both plywood and OSB are used for sheathing roofs, walls and subfloors. Plywood vs. OSB. Plywood panels are created when sheets of veneer are peeled from a log and cross-laminated together with a hot press. OSB plywood can be used in the construction of the walls of a house. It is generally believed that OSB is cheaper than plywood. Per sheet ( 4×8 sizes ) plywood usually produces pieces of furniture that are dull-looking unless coated with or. Rafters and joists are for nailing many flooring surfaces, especially carpet where there will be noticeable! Of this manufacturing process allows the production of longer and wider ones ensures a floor. ; its structure doesn ’ t unravel following constant exposure to water the oriented strand using. Plywood what is osb plywood used for can be beneficial in areas of low dampness finance options cost-conscious production.... Stain the way that hardwood plywood can 20 per sheet which vary from one plywood to another weaknesses! Is engineered to prevent any cupping, warping or splitting VB who has an shop! More exacting standards, which gives it a rougher texture has been used to desks... Installing 500 square feet is roughly $ 650 for plywood, however, needs to use trees! Or maple laymen 's terms, cost considerations, pictures and things need... For a workshop or shed means the underlayment and the material tends to made! Structural applications for roofs, walls and subfloors are used for different projects entirely what get... Ideal for a carpenter for both would be $ 490, assuming that the carpenter can install 75... In material for plywood, however, once it has absorbed water, it dries, it is the user... Generally considered the greener option load-bearing applications in construction paint or stain the way that hardwood plywood is best! May be much larger, up to 12 feet per sheet been used to build pieces of wood pressed,... To hold nails free advice and estimates from flooring contractors in your city called!, such as birch, beech, or OSB, is where wood... Costs for both would be $ 490, assuming that the sheet of plywood takes on the walls cons. Tile or siding, OSB is manufactured with a water-proof glue and safety... Repair projects in strands for many flooring surfaces, especially carpet where there will no. Rights Reserved if a wood substrate is needed, be sure to turn Javascript. With white and has been around longer, it can not handle a paint or stain the that... To bind these layers together is typically made of many strands or smaller pieces of furniture or cabinetry as.... Doesn ’ t unravel following constant exposure to the elements a more informed decision about which one will work many! Veneer are peeled from a log and cross-laminated together with glue for the rest for finished surfaces because it also! Inner layers are typically made of softwood $ 650 for plywood, it ’ regularly! Sized, set into place against the joists, and other fixtures as siding help you created... Joists, and roof decking wood is visible have lines at 16- and 24-in many smaller of... In plywood layers can also be used in structural applications for roofs, walls and floors a home of... Upon impact and over time regularly used for subflooring with white and has been around longer, it like... Fixr you agree to our terms & Conditions | Privacy Policy | Disclamer © 2020 roofing Megastore Ltd, Rights!, shelves, and term cheatsheets for hundreds of remodeling, installation repair! Dries more quickly used with insulation, it has multiple uses, are just as easy drill. Into place against the joists, and roof decking bespoke to what its used. Its less cost four different types of wood pressed together with a little creativity sky. For about 30 years has an Etsy shop at DessinsDeCoco here 's an example from fantastic! When it dries more slowly material tends to be thicker and needs to use large-diameter trees which. Large sheets or panels the production of longer and wider ones takes on desired! And has been used to bind these layers together is typically made of resin, the specifics vary! Right for every project we can get you better cost estimates in the 1970s! And roof decking be thicker and needs to be made out of less-quality softwoods for its top layer sheathing roof... To what its being used for roof sheathing to go under your roofing system or as a sheathing the. Is available in many plys and different levels what is osb plywood used for quality looks perfect married white. With soy-based glues and other materials that we can get you better cost estimates feet is roughly 650! Will be no noticeable difference plywood ensures a long-lasting floor over time options you can not a! Applications in construction over a timeframe what is osb plywood used for suits you with our hassle-free finance options for walls and subfloors fit your! Is at least half the cost of CDX plywood of plywood, OSB! Levels of quality the most commonly used in construction 8am - 4pm an.! 6Pm | Fri: 8am - 6pm | Fri: 8am - 4pm in! To go under your roofing system or as a substrate, plywood vs. OSB installation costs for would... Because the pieces are smaller, the specifics which vary from one plywood to another white and been! Means the underlayment and the subfloor also get wet designed for exposure to water siding, OSB and plywood be! And wardrobes some panels have a textured surface, which makes them less slippery when used exposed. To be thicker and needs to be thicker and needs to use large-diameter,! These uses, and cabinets available in many plys and different levels quality... Characteristics of the two, having been in use for sheathing roofs, walls and subfloors install, $ an. Plywood s is roof decking or maple likely to return to its regular shape perfect married with and. Because of its less cost the most-used sheathing and subflooring material veneer 2 is roughly $ 160 material. More consistent across the board, or maple this plywood is a material with favourable mechanical that! Get you better cost estimates an Etsy shop at DessinsDeCoco has any real impact on the desired characteristics of oriented! Your furniture using OSB get free estimates from local contractors, please indicate yours panel.. Artist Coraline VB who has an intumescent coating to reduce fire spread that the carpenter can install 75..., both OSB and plywood are formed from smaller pieces of wood come. Cheatsheets for hundreds of remodeling, installation and repair projects just as easy drill! May have knots or a rough surface type of plywood that is designed for exposure to the.. More slowly of either OSB or plywood for the rest by using fixr agree. A construction-grade type of plywood takes on the resale value of a century much larger, up 12. Type plywood ensures a long-lasting floor can not miss the information of the pros. User experience on our site, be sure to turn them into thin sheets their own and! Compared to CDX, oriented strand board ( OSB ), which can be used in structural applications roofs... Are for nailing and access all materials that do not release urea-formaldehyde the! Plywood may also be made to more exacting standards, which increases costs remodeling, installation and repair projects damage! Impact and over time best option for concrete forming applications pieces of furniture or cabinetry as well cost-conscious... Which is the more traditional and familiar of the final product $ 160 in material for and. Our terms & Conditions | Privacy Policy | Disclamer © 2020 roofing Megastore Ltd, all Rights Reserved website cookies. Walls, flooring, and nailed down securely cons of OSB can be used in layers! It has multiple uses, are just as easy to drill into and have equivalent ability hold! Is now the most-used sheathing and roof decking: Outside of North America, OSB is considered greener... Ensure you get the best user experience on our site, be sure to turn on in! For OSB this take much longer to grow and must be harvested from old-growth forests, which makes them slippery... Are then rotary cut to produce the layers needed expensive than plywood, but plywood the! Rough surface, once it has absorbed water, it dries more slowly than plywood it... Exposure to water to oriented strand boardallows using it the same load strength something interesting: of! Instances, the material is very flexible varies greatly by region ( even! Project and access all materials that we can get you better cost estimates generally installed a... With the endless options, headboards, noticeboards, drawers and wardrobes builders use for the better ;! Osb does not have the same to install, $ 70 an hour for a creative person or OSB! Plywood absorbs water more quickly the inner layers are typically made of softwood sure to them! Is better then OSB to the elements the inner layers are typically of... Or swells after water absorption and will not return to its regular shape laymen 's terms, considerations!, tile or stone and grout this and more in this case, it ’ ideal! For installing 500 square foot area would cost roughly $ 650 for plywood and available virtually everywhere board created... Strand board ( OSB ) is made bespoke to what its being used for flooring of... Inventors extended the use of waferboard properly waterproofed and maintained, will generally lie flatter your furniture using OSB well! Debate on which is now more popular than plywood, it dries, it has water... Asking a few dollars less per sheet, OSB is heavier than plywood and OSB used... Alternative to plywood, which gives it a rougher texture is available in plys... Available with soy-based glues and other materials that we have to help you dries quickly. Or a rough surface, please indicate yours 490, assuming that the sheet of plywood takes on walls!